GEREWOL FESTIVAL IN NIGER – SEPTEMBER 25 – OCTOBER 6, 2018
The Gerewol is an annual courtship ritual competition among the Woddabe Fula people in Niger. Young men dressed in elaborate ornamentation and made up in traditional face painting gather in lines to dance and sign, each vying for the attentions of single young women. The Gerewol occurs each year as the traditionally nomadic Wodaabe cattle herders gather at the southern edge of the Sahara before dispersing south on their dry season pastures. The most famous gathering point is In-Gail in northwest Niger, where a large festival, market and series of clan meetings take place for both the Wodaabe and the pastoral Tuareg People. The actual dance event is called the Yaake, while other less well-know elements, such as bartering over dowry; competitions or camel races among suitors make up the weeklong festival. The Gerewol is found wherever the Wodaabe gather.
At the end of the rainy season in September, the Wodaabe travel to InGail to gather salt and participate at the Cure Salee festival, a meeting of several nomadic groups. Here the young Wodaabe men, with elaborate makeup, feathers and other adornments, perform dances and songs to impress women. The male beauty ideal is the Wodaabe stresses height, white eyes and teeth. The man will often roll their eyes and show their teeth to emphasize these characteristics. The Wodaabe clans will then join together for their weeklong Gerewol celebrations, a contest where the young men’s beauty is judged by young women.
DAY 1: Tuesday 25 September Arrive NIAMEY
Arrival at Niamey. Overnight stay at the Hotel Terminus.
DAY 2: Wednesday 26 September NIAMEY-TAHOUA
Drive by car to Tahoua. Overnight at Hotel Tarka.
DAYS 3 to 7: Thursday September 27- Sunday 30 September TAHOUA – ABALAK (In Search of the Festival)
The Fulani ethnic group (also known as Fula, Fulɓe or Peuls) numbering approximately 20 million people are one of the most widely dispersed and culturally diverse of the peoples of Africa. The Fulani are bound together by the Fula language as well as by some basic cultural elements. They follow a code of behavior known as pulaaku, which consists of the qualities of patience, self-control, discipline, prudence, modesty, respect for others (including foes), wisdom, forethought, personal responsibility, hospitality, courage, and hard work. Among the nomadic Fulani, women in their spare time make handicrafts including engraved gourds, weavings, knitting, intricate covers for calabashes known as mbeedu, and baskets. The Fulani men are less involved in the production of crafts such as pottery, iron-working, and dyeing, unlike males from neighboring ethnic groups around them.
A significant proportion of their number, estimated at 13 million, are nomadic. They herd cattle, goats and sheep across the vast dry hinterlands of their domain, keeping somewhat separate from the local agricultural populations. They are the largest nomadic ethnic group in the world, and inhabit several territories over an area larger in size than the continental United States. Spread over many countries, they are found mainly in West Africa and northern parts of Central Africa, but also in Sudan and Egypt. The Fulani live in the Sahel, the savannah of western Africa which extends from the Senegalese Atlantic coast as far as Chad Lake. This area divides the Sahara Desert from the Equator.
The Wodaabe people, who call themselves the Bororo, are a small subgroup of the Fulani ethnic group and number approximately 100,000. They generally live in Niger, between Abalak and Agadez, in northern Nigeria and in Chad.
Proud of their beauty and freedom, the Wodaabe people do not like an urban, sedentary lifestyle and instead prefer to follow their herds looking for fertile pastures.
During the year, small family groups wander far and wide across this infinite savannah and, at the end of the rainy season, they gather in fixed places to start the Gerewol Festival. During this festival men dance and show the beauty of their bodies: slim height, fine articulations, white teeth, round and big eyes. Women will choose the best dancer. This festival gives the opportunity to find a new partner and spend a whole year, and perhaps a lifetime, together. This festival is a colorful and unforgettable spectacle that lasts for several days (from 3 to 5).
Our camp will be set among them. We will have the opportunity to photograph their daily life, watching the care of their animals (zebù and cows) which represent the only wealth of this population, their preparations for the festival, which occur every day beginning in the early morning, the organization of their camps, and intimate life within the families.
Camping Nights in Tents
DAY 8: Monday 1 October – ABALAK – TAHOUA
Abalak is a town that lies along the main highway and is a regional market for nomadic trading and the Wodaabe people, a crossroads of all communities. It is a town rich in culture and there will be great opportunities for photography. Overnight at Hotel Tarka.
DAY 9: Tuesday 2 October TAHOUA – BOUZA – MARADI – ZINDER (600 km)
The tour continues southward crossing a land inhabited mostly by Haussa farmers. In this region we will see “banco architecture” (a mixture of straw, clay and animal excrements) that is popular with the Haussa population. Haussa buildings are characterized by the use of dry mud bricks in cubic structures, multi-storied buildings for the social elite, the use of parapets, and traditional white stucco and plaster for house fronts. At times the facades may be decorated with various abstract relief designs, sometimes painted in vivid colors to convey information about the occupants. Numerous villages fill up this savannah landscape with unique barns and small houses clustered together. We will stop in Bouza, a town of 8000 inhabitants and one of the most beautiful villages of Niger with sand-colored adobe homes within a desert landscape.. After the visit we will continue to Zinder, Niger’s top historical city. We will arrive in the evening to Zinder and will be transferred to our hotel. Overnight at Hotel Gamzaki.
DAY 10: Wednesday 3 October ZINDER
After breakfast we will have a full day to explore Zinder, with celebrated traditional Haussa houses, labyrinthine old-quarter alleys, and an infamous prison within the Palais du Sultan. Its history includes growing from a small resting spot for camels on the old trans-Saharan route, to a refuge for the Haussa and Kanouri people fleeing bloody 17th-century conflicts with the Fulani and Tuareg, before becoming the capital of the mighty Damagaram state, which thrived on everything from agriculture to the slave trade. In the late 1890s the French arrived, and with it much blood-letting and Zinder’s quarter-century reign as Niger’s capital. With a local guide we will visit the most interesting parts of the city and talk with the locals. During this day we will meet the Sultan of Zinder (providing he is in residence at the palace), visit the palace, the local museum, and the ancient adobe walls that once circled the old city. We will try to enter one of the old, private Haussa-style houses to see how they are divided and how the locals live. Overnight at Hotel Gamzaki.
DAY 11: Thursday 4th October ZINDER – MARADI (238 km)
After breakfast we will depart from Zinder and drive back to Maradi, the economic capital of Niger and an important trade center between the Sahara and the Gulf of Guinea. We will stop in Haussa villages along the way and arrive in Maradi in the afternoon, then transfer to our hotel. If you would like, we can spend the evening visiting around the city center. The city was rebuilt after the 1940s floods that destroyed the adobe town. Despite its modernity, the city has restored the ancient sultanate and has colorful and bustling markets. Overnight at Guesthouse Maradi.
DAY 12: Friday 5th October MARADI – DOGONDOUTCHI – NIAMEY (662 km)
After breakfast, we will begin going back to the main path to Dogondoutchi, the cultural capital of the Arewa region. The area is inhabited by Hausas Maouri, a subgroup of the larger Hassau people and the last group of this region that preserves the pre-Islamic animist beliefs. There will be time to visit around the town and drive to Dosso, before reaching Niamey, Niger’s capital. Overnight at Hotel Terminus
DAY 13: Saturday 6th October. We will transport you to the airport for your flights back home.
TOUR FEE AND DETAILS:
Please contact us directly for updated pricing information. If you prefer a single room, the single room supplement is $600.00
WHAT IS INCLUDED:
- Photography Instructor Fee
- Accommodation x 12 nights based on Double Occupancy rooms
- (Single Room Supplement is an additional $600.00)
- Airport Transfers and ground transportation by Private AC minivan & 4x4s.
- Expert English speaking local guide.
- All meals on itinerary days
- Cold bottled mineral water
- All admission fees to sites on the itinerary
WHAT IS NOT INCLUDED:
- International flights to and from Niger
- Insurance: we strongly recommend you purchase Travel, Medical and Cancellation Insurance.
- Alcoholic beverages
- Personal expenses and tipping
- Visa and Passport fees
TERMS AND CONDITIONS:
A deposit of $1200.00 per person is required at time of booking. We recommend you reserve your spots as soon as possible. You can pay your deposit by Bank Wire Transfer or personal check. Bank details will be provided upon registration.
The tour will be confirmed 8 weeks prior, or possibly sooner. Please do not make any travel arrangements to Niger before we have confirmed the tour. Full payment is due when the tour is confirmed.
Flights: Please fly into Niamey, Niger. Flights from JFK airport to Niamey are available on Delta, Air France, Royal Air Maroc, KLM, Air Canada, Turkish Airlines and Air Europa.
Accommodations: We will be staying in hotels while in urban areas and towns, and camping when in the field. Our hotels will be:
Hotel Terminus in Niamey
Hotel Tarka in Tahoua
Hotel Gamzaki in Zinder
Guesthouse Maradi in Maradi
Photographic fees paid to the Woodabe: a one-time fee of $80 USD (71 Euros) per person will be required to photograph the festival and is not included in your tour fee.
Please send us an email at firstname.lastname@example.org with your first and last name, your phone, which tour you are registering for, along with any additional information that you would like us to know.